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  • 2 months later...

In wie weit das wirklich so stimmt, weiß ich nicht. Vielleicht gibt das aber einen hauch einer Ahnung wie Musik vor 3400 Jahren geklungen haben könnte.



Good music is timeless, they say. But usually, that’s only talking about The Beatles or Elvis. So how well does a 3,400-year-old tune stand the test of time?

An excavation in the 1950s in the ancient city of Ugarit, a coastal town in modern-day Syria, discovered a set of 29 tablets from around 1400 BCE, at the near end of the Hurrian civilization. The tablets all denote some form of symbols, however only one of these tablets was legible: the now-famed text H6. The H6 tablet appears to contain music annotations for a nine-stringed ancient harp called a sammûm, along with lyrics for a hymn to Nikkal, an Akkadian goddess of orchards. This would make the tablet the earliest known surviving written musical notation of a melody.

Also, interestingly for an ancient “music sheet”, it contained instructions on how to tune the harps. Years of research has managed to decipher it and create new interpretations of the musical instructions, although difficulties translating the notes means there is no definitive rendition.  

You can listen to an interpretation of the song by Michael Levy, a musician and composer who researches ancient music, in the video below.



Die Beschreibung unter dem YouTube video ist etwas ausführlicher:

This unique video, features my first of 2 arrangements for solo lyre, of the 3400 year old "Hurrian Hymn no.6", which was discovered in Ugarit in Syria in the early 1950s, and was preserved for 3400 years on a clay tablet, written in the Cuniform text of the ancient Hurrian language - The Hurrian Hymn (catalogued as Text H6) was discovered in Ugarit, Syria, in the early 1950s, and was preserved for 3400 years on a clay tablet, written in the Cuniform text of the ancient Hurrian language - except from a few earlier Sumarian fragmentary instructional musical texts from c.1950 BCE (Musical Instructions for Lipit-Ishtar, King of Justice) the Hurrian Hymn it is the oldest written song yet known, in History!

Although about 29 musical texts were discovered at Ugarit, only this text, (text H6), was in a sufficient state of preservation to allow for modern academic musical reconstruction.

In short, the Cuneiform text clearly indicated specific names for lyre strings, and their respective musical intervals -- a sort of "Guitar tablature", for lyre!

Although discovered in modern day Syria, the Hurrians were not Syrian -- they came from modern day Anatolia. The Hurrian Hymn actually dates to the very end of the Hurrian civilisation (c.1400BCE) . The Hurrian civilization dates back to at least 3000 BCE. It is an incredible thought, that just maybe, the musical texts found at Ugarit, preserved precious sacred Hurrian music which may have already been thousands of years old, prior to their inscription for posterity, on the clay tablets found at Ugarit!

My arrangement here, is based on the that the original transcription of the melody, as interpreted by Prof. Richard Dumbrill. Here is a link to his book, "The Archeomusicology of the Near East": http://bit.ly/d3aovp

It is played here, on a modern evocation of the ancient Kinnor Lyre from neighbouring Israel; an instrument almost tonally identical to the wooden asymmetric-shaped lyres played throughout the Middle East at this amazingly distant time...when the Pharaoh's still ruled ancient Egypt.

A photograph of the actual clay tablet on which the Hurrian Hymn was inscribed, can be seen here:


The melody is one of several academic interpretations, derived from the ambiguous Cuneiform text of the Hurrian language in which it was written. Although many of the meanings of the Hurrian language are now lost in the mists of time, it can be established that the fragmentary Hurrian Hymn which has been found on these precious clay tablets are dedicated to Nikkal; the wife of the moon god.

There are several such interpretations of this melody, but to me, the fabulous interpretation just somehow sounds the most "authentic". Below is a link to the sheet music, as arranged by Clint Goss:


In my arrangement of the Hurrian Hymn, I have attempted to illustrate an interesting diversity of ancient lyre playing techniques, ranging from the use of "block and strum" improvisation at the end, glissando's, trills & tremolos, and alternating between harp-like tones in the left hand produced by finger-plucked strings, and guitar-like tones in the right hand, produced by use of the plectrum.

I have arranged the melody in the style of a "Theme and Variations" - I first quote the unadorned melody in the first section, followed by the different lyre techniques described above in the repeat, & also featuring improvisatory passages at the end of the performance. My arrangement of the melody is much slower than this actual specific academic interpretation of the melody- I wanted the improvisations in the variations on the theme to stand out, and to better illustrate the use of lyre techniques by a more rubato approach to the melody.

The purpose of the accompanying slide show was to give a sense of historical perspective to the age of the Hurrian Hymn, by painting a brief picture of the rest of the ancient world (for example, images of ancient Egypt etc) at about 1400 BC - at least a century or more before the birth of Tutankhamun, for instance!


Quelle: http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/is-this-the-worlds-oldest-melody/

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Gibt auch dann und wann noch gute (oder bessere) Nachrichten für die Welt (auch wenn hier noch nichts in trockenen Tüchern ist):


Bald Ebola-Impfstoff auf dem Markt?

Gegen das Ebola-Virus könnte schon bald ein wirkungsvoller Impfstoff zur Verfügung stehen. Das Mittel könnte womöglich schon 2018 auf den Markt kommen. Dafür muss eine Zulassung im Schnellverfahren genehmigt werden.

Quelle: https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/ebola-impfstoff-111.html

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